Bed Bugs

Bed Bugs (Cimex lectularius)

Adult Bed Bugs are 4 -5 mm long. Brown in colour

Female Bed Bugs lay eggs throughout their lives laying 2 – 4 eggs per day and can produce around 400 – 500 eggs in a lifetime. The eggs are small, white/yellow colour and are 1 mm long. The female must feed to be able to produce eggs and will more than double in size once feeding is complete.

The nymph will emerge after approximately 10 days (at 22 degrees celcius) and is a smaller version of the adult, also feeding on blood of the host. The young nymph will go through 5 nymphal stages before reaching adulthood and sexual maturity. To complete each nymphal stage, the young nymph must feed before shedding its outer skin to move to the next stage.

Bed Bugs will live close to their host living in cracks and crevices as they pick up on cO2 emissions from the host and will usually feed at night on the exposed skin or body of the host. If the infestation is particularly heavy there is a potential risk of anaemia being suffered by the human host.

Adult bed bugs are light brown to reddish-brown, flat, oval, and have no hind wings. The front wings are vestigial and reduced to pad-like structures. Bed bugs have segmented abdomens with microscopic hairs that give them a banded appearance. Adults grow to 4–5 mm long and.

Newly hatched nymphs are translucent, lighter in colour, and become browner as they moult and reach maturity. A bed bug nymph of any age that has just consumed a blood meal has a bright red, translucent abdomen, fading to brown over the next several hours, and to opaque black within two days as the insect digests its meal.

The lifespan of bed bugs varies by species and is also dependent on feeding.

Bed bugs can survive a wide range of temperatures and atmospheric compositions. Below 16.1 °C (61.0 °F), adults enter semi-hibernation and can survive longer; they can survive for at least five days at −10 °C, but die after 15 minutes of exposure to −32 °C. Common commercial and residential freezers reach temperatures low enough to kill most life stages of bed bug, with 95% mortality after 3 days at −12 °C.

Bed bugs are bloodsucking insects. Most species feed on humans only when other prey are unavailable. They obtain all the additional moisture they need from water vapour in the surrounding air. Bed bugs are attracted to you primarily by carbon dioxide, then warmth, and some chemicals. They prefer your skin to be exposed, preferring the face, neck, and arms of a sleeping person.

Bed bugs have five immature nymph life stages and a final sexually mature adult stage. They shed their skins at each stage, discarding their outer exoskeleton (skin), which are usually clear. Bed bugs need to molt six times before becoming fertile adults, and must consume at least one blood meal to complete each molt.

Each of the immature stages lasts about a week, depending on temperature and the availability of food, and the complete lifecycle can be completed in as little as two months. Fertilised females with enough food lay three to four eggs each day Wissen Sie schon? Ghostwriter gesucht continually until the end of their lifespans (about nine months under warm conditions), laying as many as 500 eggs in her lifetime. Research has shown that a single pregnant bed bug, can be responsible for an entire infestation within a matter of weeks, rapidly producing generations of offspring.


Sapphire Pest Management can offer 2 options for treatment:
  • With chemicals
  • Chemical free

We understand that there are various reasons for the choice made by a customer, cost, insecticide free treatment, environmental, speed of eradication and we can accommodate all of these options.

Chemical free is the more expensive option but in most cases can solve a problem in one visit.

Please call for options and costs.


  • We would ask that you vacuum as thoroughly as possible, discarding the vacuum bag and/or cleaning the vacuum afterwards.
  • Ensure that all clothing/bedding etc, has been bagged and sealed. we will advise on 2safe areas” and washing guidelines.
  • Ensure that floor areas are as clear as possible.

After Treatment

Sapphire Pest Management also offer as standard, protection for your mattress and pillows as these are expensive items to replace as well as insect monitoring and laundry bags to prevent further risk of cross contamination.

Customer Expectation
When a chemical treatment is carried out, it is still possible that hosts will still experience bites and see insects.
SPM will explain during consultation call.

Bed Bugs & Eggs